Why Chodesh is Important to Christians
The Importance of the New Moon worship day to Christians
Here are some reasons why
Chodesh is important to Christians.
Time in general
Of the creation of this world we are told:
God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens
to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for
seasons and for days and years,
would seem that the moon was set in motion at the creation of this
world to mark seasons, or as the Good News Bible states, months. So
from Genesis we have definite time periods mentioned: the day, the
Bible month relating to the moon, years relating again to the sun,
and of course the week. The week is clearly outlined in the creation
of this world. God finished His work of creation on the seventh day and rested
and this of course gives us the first week. The day of course is the period of time it takes the
earth to complete one rotation which we could define for example as from say mid-day to
mid-day. The Bible definition is of course from sunset to sunset but you get
the idea. The period defined as 24 hours is from one point of any day
to the next same point the following day.
The Bible Month
There are months mentioned in the New Testament after the death and resurrection of Christ. And these are months mentioned referring to different periods of Bible history: Old Testament, early Christian, yet future, and eternity. All still Bible months, no change:
At this time Moses was born, and he was beautiful before God. For three months he was brought up in his father's house;
And just what is the point of all of this? Well all these months mentioned here are Bible months. They are not the solar calendar months that we are familiar with. They are lunar
months. Biblical lunar months. And as we mentioned above the Bible lunar month starts with the new moon worship day. So if no chodesh, then none of
these verses make any sense.
Mentioned in the new earth
New Moons are mentioned in the new earth. Isaiah 66:22,23; Revelation 22:2 [see next section].
as the new heavens and the new earth which I will make shall remain
before me, says the LORD; so shall your descendants and your name
There is also a very curious companion verse mentioned in Ezekiel which appears to have some sort of connection with the verse mentioned above in Revelation:
on the banks, on both sides of the river, there will grow all kinds
of trees for food. Their leaves will not wither nor their fruit fail,
but they will bear fresh fruit every month, because the water for
them flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and
their leaves for healing.
Again it is very clear that there are months mentioned in the new earth. These are Bible months. The Hebrew word translated as month here is Chodesh. The Apostolic Bible Polyglot uses the Greek word μήν and means month. And this is the same Greek word used in Revelation. And you can't have Bible months without the New Moon because that is how the Bible month is defined: from New Moon to New Moon. See Isaiah 66:23.
This basically follows on from the previous reason. In Revelation 22:2 we are told about “the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month.” The RSV also tells us that the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. The month mentioned here is a Bible month. The Greek word used is μήν with Strong's number G3376 and is the same identical word in Isaiah 66:23 in the Apostolic Bible Polyglot. Strong's comment on this word is
Hebrew the word is Chodesh. You can't have a Bible month without
chodesh. The word is mostly translated as month but sometimes as new
moon. The Bible month starts with the new moon. You can't have a
Bible month without the new moon. If the tree of life is yielding its
fruit every month then we have new moon days in the new earth. And
Isaiah tells us that the new moon days are for worship.
Revelation 11:2; 13:5. 42 months. This prophetic time period is mentioned quite a few times in the book of Revelation. Generally those who study these time periods link it with the time periods in chapter 12: the 1260 day period of verse 6, and the time, times, and half a time of verse 14. These are basically worked together as 42 months times 30 days gives 1260 days, and the three and a half times meaning years translate to 3.5 times 12 months = 42 months and again we obtain 1260 days:
times = 3.5 years = 3.5 ◊
12 months = 42 months = 42 ◊ 30
days = 1260 days
How is this generally explained? That's easy we just call these months prophetic months of 30 days each and every one is happy. Not so fast. The 30 days is obviously correct but where does the idea of approximately 30 days to the prophetic month come from? Would you like to have a guess? The Bible lunar month is a period with an approximate average of 29.53 days. Well if you are in for half a day you may as well count the day so we would use a value of 30 days. That's right. The so-called “prophetic month” is based soundly on the Bible lunar month! And guess what we need for the Bible lunar month? Chodesh. Or to put it more simply: no chodesh, no 42 month Bible prophecy!
the Good News Bible translates the 3 and a half times as 3 and a
There is also mention of a 5 month prophecy in Revelation 9:5 and 9:10. So again, no chodesh, no 5 month prophecy.
The general Christian worship day
Most Christians keep Sunday,* and some keep the old Jewish seventh-day Sabbath.
O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?
A weekly day of worship is a day that is observed.
So just what possible answer could Sunday keepers [or Sabbath keepers] give?
Easter and Christmas
Certain Christian festivals are timed according to the lunar month. So if no chodesh then you should say goodbye to these festivals too. Now Stephen you're just being plain nasty someone may say. But to be fair at least read the quotes:
lunar calendar, a calendar based on the variations of the phases
of the Moon as seen from Earth. The lunar year contains 12 synodic
these consisting of 29.5305882 days, the synodic month being defined as
the time interval (synodic period) between new moons.
Therefore, the lunar year of 354.3672 days is about 11 days shorter
than the solar year of 365.24219 days.
A true lunar calendar quickly gets out of step with the seasons and is
often replaced by a luni-solar calendar in which every third or
fourth year contains 13 as opposed to 12 lunar months, a leap month
being intercalated (added) as required.
Islamic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and all Christian festivals except
Christmas itself are timed according to the lunar calendar.
In 325CE the Council of Nicaea established that Easter would be held on the first Sunday
after the first full moon occurring on or after the vernal equinox. From that point forward,
the Easter date depended on the ecclesiastical approximation of March 21 for the vernal equinox.
Easter is delayed one week if the full moon is on Sunday, which decreases the chances of it
falling on the same day as the Jewish Passover. The councilís ruling is contrary to the
Quartodecimans, a group of Christians who celebrated Easter on the day of the full moon,
14 days into the month.
So there it is. At least for Easter. If you think the New Moon worship day is wrong for Christians then you should consider doing away with Easter also as its determination is dependent on the lunar month. The Bible lunar month is dependent on the New Moon worship day. And no doubt we may as well add Christmas to the list also.
There are so many wonderful things in the Bible connected with the lunar month that it should be just about impossible for the average Christian not to give the New Moon worship day at least some sort of consideration. Further since most of Christianity already keep at least one day of worship each year the timing of which is based on the Biblical lunar month there is really little reason for Christians to feel any sort of trepidation with respect to keeping a monthly day of worship!
But Stephen someone will say, my employer has finally relented and let me have a day off each week so I can keep my weekly worship day and attend church.
Worse yet, since the length of the lunar month is not a multiple of seven the New Moon worship days will cycle through the week nearly twice each year.
1. The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia. Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. All rights reserved.
2. L.W.Cowie and John Selwyn Gummer, The Christian Calendar: A complete guide to the seasons of the Christian year, 1974, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, pp. 7,8.
Bible texts from:
NEW REVISED STANDARD VERSION OF THE BIBLE, 1989.
Old Testament pic from
dove from Christian Art
* There is some debate whether the first day of the week is really the correct day for Christians to worship on. See the related studies:
—study investigating if there is a weekly day of worship for Christians; and a comparison of the Christian Sabbath, The Lord's Day in the New Testament with the Jewish Sabbath in the Old Testament.
SUNDAY NOT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT!—an investigation of a common mistranslation in New Testament verses mentioning "the first day of the week." This study gives the correct translation.
Which DAY should Christians KEEP?—an investigation of which day of the week is the correct day for worship. Part outdated by above 2 studies but still a great read.
Last revised: 17 Sep 2016.